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{Free Best} The Autobiography of Malcolm XAuthor Malcolm X –

This book counts for a lot Cornel West says that one of the deepest fears for black America is that Malcolm X was fundamentally right, that the political system here is incapable of being changed through traditional means in order to serve the black community what they are due What are they due asks the conservative A share in the incredible wealth of the country that they have labored to build for hundreds of years, often against their own will, answers the REALIST self actualization, in whatever form that may take, answers Malcolm Malcolm X scares the hell out of people even today because of his refusal to accept the current democratic system as a way for African Americans to address their genuine bitterness towards a country that has screwed them over time and again He also refutes racist claims of white intellectual superiority, absorbing the whole canon of European philosophy while in prison, and responding to it with fierce criticism And he was a busboy in some of the greatest New York clubs that ever existed I dunno I m another middle class white boy in the U.S who has absorbed from a young age dramatic pictures of black culture mostly negative that don t so much reflect the culture so much as reflect the fears imposed on it by the elite Malcolm X, along with Molefi Asante, Cornel West, Ishmael Reed, Zora Neal Hurston, James Baldwin, Toni Morrison all help to correct that skewed viewpoint. I ve had enough of someone else s propaganda, I had written to these friends I m for truth, no matter who tells it I m for justice, the matter who it is for or against I m a human being first and foremost, and as such I m for whoever and whatever benefits humanity as a whole Undoubtedly one of the most filling books I ve read all year.It starts simply, with solid, familiar flavors, something like a brandy old fashioned complete with fruit decorations, and a little bowl of candied pecans Malcolm X begins by setting the scene of his parents, and his birth on May 19, 1925 It is one of the shortest sections, noting his father s work as a traveling Baptist minister and his mother s work making a home His memories are informed by skin color, recalling his West Indian mother s pale skin from her absent father and her favoritism towards her children who were darker Preaching the words of Marcus Garvey, it wasn t long before his father ran afoul of conservative, reactionary whites, chasing them from Nebraska to Wisconsin to Michigan He was killed under very suspicious circumstances that allowed insurance agents to deny payment to a woman with eight hungry children Taking welfare checks meant social worker after social worker dropping by the house as the kids would act up out of hunger, desperation, and being kids until the day Malcolm agreed to live with another family He found his place for a while, but recalls the institutionalized racism that had him being elected eighth grade class president at the same time he was told being a lawyer was beyond his reach, but perhaps carpentry was a possible career A chance to visit his half sister Ella in Boston set his life on the next path.Zoot suitsIf we were to continue with the food metaphor, this would be the stuffed egg appetizer, the crunch of radishes in dill, the chipped beef and sardine roll straight out of the 1950s hints of flavor, spice food that snaps in the mouth, not melts into ephemera This was the section that surprised me the most young Malcolm was a hustler He found a cohort, Shorty, who became his homeboy and schooled him on the ways of the street He got his first conk and first zoot suit Much to Ella s dismay, he left the high class sections of town for the pool halls and dance rooms where he learned to lindy hop After leaving a shoe shine job, he had a short term working as a soda jerk in a drugstore, where he met Laura, one of his favorite dancing partners One night at a dance with her, he met Sophia, a white girl who was a bit older than he, and from the rich area of Beacon Hill Only sixteen, Ella took steps to get him out of the influence of his circle by getting him a job on a railroad dining car Eventually, he pulled his own strings and made his way to New York, and to Harlem Cocky, a sharp dresser and with an eye to opportunity, he soon became Detroit Red, to distinguish him from the other red haired black men in his circle Right now, in every big city ghetto, tens of thousands of yesterday s and today s school dropouts are keeping body and soul together some form of hustling in the same way I did A conkIf the earlier chapters are courses, this is the section where we sneak out back to have a cigarette and a belt of moonshine The Malcolm I expected was barely to be seen in these pages He waited tables, picked up tips from the local power brokers, became an avid movie goer, and gambler Because of his love of dance, he was in contact and friends with many of the musicians of his time As a waiter, he had a side referral business suggesting black prostitutes to white men and vice versa Eventually he was caught and moved into selling reefer His scene attempting to get a 4 F draft classification was astounding Graduating to burglaries with a friend, he soon went armed with a couple of guns Eventually, he brought his brother Reginald into the life when Reginald left the Merchant Marines It was nothing I had expected and lasted only four short years until he was caught pawning loot from a job done with old pals Shorty, Sophia and her cousin Any person who claims to have deep feelings for other human beings should think a long, long time before he votes to have other men kept behind bars caged I am not saying there shouldn t be prisons, but there shouldn t be bars Behind bars, a man never reforms He will never forget He never will get completely over the memory of the bars Finally, to the main course Solid, meaty, and not altogether unexpected Like a roast that s a bit scanty on the au jus, details from his time in prison were both flavorful and scarce There s his moniker, Satan, his minor prison hustles, and being encouraged to go the library by one of the dominant inmates His brothers Reginald and Philbert introduced him gradually to the Prophet Elijah Muhammad As with everything, Malcolm committed wholeheartedly and was soon preaching to the Christians in the prison, as well as joining the debate team to hone his skills.Malcolm XThis is a section that is so fascinating, and yet still somewhat disappointing Malcolm did so much reading in the prison library, tutoring himself on a vast array of topics, learning about American history and oppression At the same time, he was spreading the word of Fard through the Messenger Elijah Muhammad, who included a history of Islam that included one man breaking off to form the white race out of the seeds of the black and brown race as a form of revenge against Allah There s also some details about numerology and the Masons that was completely incomprehensible I found it hard to reconcile his willingness to embrace what seemed to be a rather wild offshoot of Islam called Nation of Islam with the man who studied Kant The devil white man cut these black people off from all knowledge of their own kind, and cut them off from any knowledge of their own language, religion, and pass culture, until the black man in America was the earth s only race of people who had absolutely no knowledge of his true identity After seven years in prison, he moved back to his brother Wilfred s home in Detroit and immersed himself in a normal life of family, church and work at Ford Motor Plant Before long he felt called to preach for Brother Elijah s Temple One in Detroid With his passion and energy, he was soon drawing followers to the temple, and before long, was traveling to other cities to spread the word Clearly, this is the part that was most dear to Malcolm s heart, as he detailed his progress spreading the word in Boston, Harlem and many other cities in between seeking personal tutoring from the Messenger in Chicago His life became that of a dedicated evangelist, until he encountered Sister Betty in one of the temples and married her Even then he continued to travel, building the Nation of Islam He spoke at colleges, on the radio, television programs and even overseas, spreading the word about the black man in America Eventually, however, he felt there was a lot of jealousy of his success, particularly as Elijah s health grewprecarious He also learned of Elijah s affairs with a succession of secretaries and verified the rumors for himself, an astounding crime given that Elijah has sentenced Nation members to years of silence if they were found guilty of adultery It s clear that he felt his split with the Nation occurred because he hadfaith in Elijah than he had in himself and because of jealousy at his success.And, much like a small bittersweet cayenne chocolate truffle for dessert, there is a final, bittersweet end As Malcolm makes his break and continues to dialogueandwith world leaders, he ends up embracing atraditional form of Islam that embraced the brotherhood of man Unfortunately, word comes that the Nation would really prefer him dead, and his interviews make it clear it is weighing on his mind at the same time he is trying to provide for his family.I found the entire book a meal worth hours and hours of digestion There s so much here As all auto biographies, I struggle with ratings This is easily a dense, fulfilling read that I d recommend to anyone in America Political moments happening today have their genesis in that period, and Malcolm X provides a number of fascinating angles to the discussion Still, autobiographies are the stories we tell about ourselves, so I can t help wishing for evencontext I do think he showed unusual ability to connect early events in his life to perceptions and viewpoints later, yet he seemed to remain hamstrung by his views on women and on other races Even , I can t help wishing he had lived longer so that we could have seen how his philosophies continued to evolve It s the kind of book that sends me down the rabbit holes of history, trying to understandabout this fascinating man and his thinking.Review with links and great pictures at because it s too effing much work to html after writing. The voice of Malcolm X was powerful, unbridled and simply heroic He is one of the most quotable men of the twentieth centuryIn fact, once he is motivated no one can changecompletely than the man who has been at the bottom I call myself the best example of that It is only after slavery and prison that the sweetest appreciation of freedom can come I believe in recognizing every human being as a human being neither white, black, brown, or red and when you are dealing with humanity as a family there s no question of integration or intermarriage It s just one human being marrying another human being or one human being living around and with another human being One of the strongest realisations Malcolm X had was learning exactly who he was As a political figure, his rhetoric was extraordinary But I will get to this much later in this lengthy review, for now though looking at his childhood experience helps to understand what shaped him.As a young black man in America, he was a man without a sense of true identity His African roots, though still in his blood, were far from evident in his people The culture he existed in is comparable to a murky mirror Very much in the vein of Franz Fannon s Black Skins White Masks, Malcolm realised that the black folk acted like puppets the way they thought, and the way they behaved, was nothing short of extreme social conditioning They were indoctrinated with this idea, this idea that the white man was better thus, they tried to become white, by adopting white culture, rather than finding their own true sense of self And this is exactly what he addressed in his later arguments after his lessons under Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam.However, some of his earlier experiences show the powers at play directly The young Malcolm experienced it all When at school studying history, the history of the negro was condensed down into a single paragraph in a Western textbook Let me say that again, one paragraph That s it, an entire history of a people summarised by a few sentences Simply put, the history of the black man, at least according to the white man here, didn t exist until he arrived in Africa with his slave boats He had no history before enslavement, and this is what these children were taught at school Chinua Achebe come eat your heart out Ignorance like this is why he wrote Things Fall Apart Malcolm was later told by another teacher that he could not become a lawyer because of his skin colour It s these kinds of rejections that planted the seeds of anger in his heart First though, before he would begin to walk his path, he would make a series of mistakes I could hear the sorrow in his voice as I read some of the words here When he was a very young man he broke a girl s heart, an experience that set her on a downward spiral You could say it ruined her life He bought into this idea that white is better and left her for all the prestige a white partner could bring him All in all, the young Malcolm, as he puts it, was deaf, blind and dumb as he walked away from a woman who clearly loved him He would make evenmistakes as he got older He became a hustler and a drug pusher, then later a house breaker He was surrounded by a world of violence Few make it to old age in such a life, so he had only two possible exists death or prison But who is to blame I call these mistakes, but the reality of the situation is that they were merely pitfalls When Malcolm entered prison, it was only because the situation created by the white man lead him to the cell And at this moment in his life, arguable the lowest, when he sat in a prison cell bored to tears and full of rage he realised what true power was and where he could get it booksThe ability to read awoke inside of me some long dormant craving to be mentally alive He learnt to read, and did it so often he gained his trademark glasses After hearing the words of Elijah Muhammad, filtered through his brother s mouth, Malcolm came to understand the evils of western society He had become what the white man wanted him to be, so he changed rapidly He transformed himself drastically He learnt his full history that of the African American and then what he could of the African He embraced Muslim faith, slowly at first, but when he did he became incensed with the clarity it gave his mind Christianity, for him, became nothingthan a mode of control the white man used on the blacks It forced them to their knees and made them worship a white god He wanted no part of it When he got out of prison he quickly became one of the most important men in The Nation of Islam He converted hundreds, and gave many speeches to the press He was second only to their leader He worked diligently for twelve years, and then was ungracefully thrown out Where did he go wrong He didn t He never did He would have died for the nation He was forced to leave because the leader was jealous and afraid of him even after he continued to serve him after he found out about his hypocrisy Simply put, Malcolm put all his faith into a false bastion, twelve years of faith, and he still had the strength to carry on afterwards He did not let it destroy him He truly was a great man But what of all his hate Malcolm hated the white man And from this power he drew his early success His hate was justified, but it was very generalised The white man committed terrible crimes in history, but it was also the general man on the street that would stick his nose up in the air and act superior on a day to day basis that would get Malcolm angry It was out there It kept happening, but this doesn t mean that was all that was out there There were genuine white people who felt as Malcolm did, and perhaps they could have helped each other But, that being said, I m not sure he would have been as successful had his hate been tempered at the start As he once said So early in my life, I had learned that if you want something, you had better make some noise He needed the white man to know why he hated him The wasted potential of X Malcolm X did wonders for black pride in America he did wonders for the civil rights movement despite his hatred, but the true tragedy is we will never know how muchhe could have done When he was assassinated, he was at the peak of his intellect he was at a moment where he realised that hatred wasn t necessarily the answer After he became a full Muslim, in the traditional sense, after his pilgrimage to Mecca, he realised that Allah should have been his true guide not the false Elijah Mohamed He was ready to face the world, this time himself He was ready to throw his true heart out there He d learnt from his experience as The Nation s number two Muslim, and he was going to put his ideas into practice But he was cut short, and the world weeps He is often criticised for his hatred, but rarely recognised for what he became in the end We will never know how far he could have gone with his Muslim Mosque Inc group Could he have rivalled The Nation of Islam Could he have sped up black rights even further We shall never know, and that is why his potential was wasted He always knew he would die by violence, and perhaps as he grew older he would have developed even further Malcolm X is a contentious figure even today, but he is a man who must be studied to be understood Hearing his words, his anger, is not enough We need to know where it came from and why it was born This autobiography is honest, brutal and, above all, simply an outstanding piece of writing There s so much to be gained from reading this. This is the life story of Malcolm Little, later Malcolm X, later El Hajj Malik El Shabazz As are most white people in this country, I was led to believe that Malcolm X was just an angry, militant racist who wanted to kill white people in the same way that angry, militant racists in the South want to kill black people Nothing could be further from the truth.This book,than any other I ve read, opened my eyes to see how the innate racism in our country works and affects the people it is most sharply targeted at African Americans It s one thing to understand that it exists amazing that this is still debated and empathize with its victims, but quite another to see it through their eyes Malcolm X, as he points out, grew up in the tolerant North His battle was not with lynch mobs and Jim Crow laws, but with the death by a thousand cuts brand of racism that, I would argue, now constitutes the mainstream dynamic between blacks and whites in this country.By the time he becomes a Muslim in prison, it s easy to see why he was angry which he was and why he fought back The amazing thing, though, is that while the very book was being written, Malcolm X is undergoing a personal transformation that is leading him away from anger and hatred towards white people and towards a realization that it is the culture in America, and not inherent evil in white people, that creates the racism he s fighting against This transformation costs him 12 years of his life s work, his house, his family s safety, and eventually his life.There are aspects of Malcolm X s philosophy that I cannot empathize with, however His view of women, in particular, represents an ironic denial of their humanity You almost want to scream at the pages, How can you not see that you re viewing women the same way white people view you There are also some pretty strange religious ideas held by the Black Muslims in general such as literally believing that white people are the devil, and we know it , but Malcolm ends up moving away from these by the end of his life in favor oforthodox Islam as practiced by the majority of the world s Muslims.I now believe, after having read this autobiography, that had he lived longer, Malcolm X would today be as revered as Martin Luther King, Jr is Ozzie Davis, Malcolm X s eulogist, said that he sometimes needed reminding that he was a man something he suspected white people didn t need , and that Malcolm X did that for him, and for many other black people as well. If Malcolm X were not a Negro, his autobiography would be littlethan a journal of abnormal psychology, the story of a burglar, dope pusher, addict and jailbird with a family history of insanity who acquires messianic delusions and sets forth to preach an upside down religion of brotherly hatred Saturday Evening Post, Sept 12, 1965 Sensationalist, yes Reminiscent of certain responses to Twelve Years a Slave winning multiple Academy Awards at this year s Oscars, and this is nearly fifty years on Within these pages, Malcolm X spoke of a hope that by the year 2000, the white washing of Jesus and other Biblical figures would be ended, and the true unresolved question of their physical aspects would be reflected by portrayals ranging all across the spectrum In the year 2014, certain groups had conniptions over suggestions that Santa Clause could be black The world goes on, and popular thought appropriates.What is especially telling about that editorial first sentence up there is the overt interplay between prose and reader perception This is important to consider when imbibing any text, but here, in context with racism, in context with classism, in context with the institutional ideologies demand that all resistance be nonviolent while weighing it down with sign of the times murder, rampant lynching then and shotgunning teenagers now for reasons of too loud music , in context with the autobiography of Malcolm X, ask yourself if a criminal record puts you off reading about a person, and then ask yourself why.Ask yourself what constitutes the abnormal psychology , the messianic delusions , the upside down religion of brotherly hatred , the CEO, the politician, any belief that preaches intolerance for the non believer Ask yourself what half hearted bullshit constitutes If Malcolm X were not a Negro , passing off the enormous debt the US has to its history of slavery as an embarrassing pathos, a ploy, an Oh, they kicked the puppy and now it s telling its story, of course it ll get attention Ask yourself what your memories of this monumental figure in history are, the first time you heard his name, whether you wondered at his story, his X, or condemned him from the start My beginning was a mention of a footnote of violence in a summary of the 20th century It took methan ten years too long to extend my thinking beyond this roadblockSo as a black man and especially as a black American, any stand that I formerly took, I don t think that I would have to defend it because it s still a reaction to the society, and it s a reaction that was produced by the society and I think that it is the society that produces this that should be attacked, not the reaction that develops among the people who are the victims of that negative society From the Pierre Berton Show, taped at Station CFTO TV in Toronto, January 19, 1965 It is interesting to note how soon after Malcolm s change of heart he was assassinated It is interesting to note how his message as a living embodiment of hope for those who have slipped through the cracks of well to do society has been seen as a mark against him It is key to observe the contentions over the non fictional aspect of this work, when the existence of Columbus Day renders the controversy not only absurd, but obscene Either do not discriminate in your pointing of fingers at act and advocation of physical violence, or don t do it at all.Whatever your personal alignments with the beliefs conveyed in this book, it is and shall always be a gift to the world While it may be true that I would have to be restrained from punching Malcolm X in the face for his deriding of women, especially his any country s moral strength, or moral weakness, is quickly measurable by the street attire and attitude of its women , my disagreement does not impact my appreciation of his importance What he believed in, he said, and the writing of this biography during the last few years of his life displays this dramatic evolution, all theso because of Haley s keeping Malcolm X to his word of not changing the overarching message of any previous writing It is his willingness to speak and question that led him on his pilgrimage to Mecca, it is this overhaul of both belief and character that led him from disenfranchised boy to city slick teenager to convict to minister to a crisis of conscience in full throes up to the point he was shot down In his words, I m man enough to tell you that I can t put my finger on exactly what my philosophy is now, but I m flexible Patriarchal in delivery, admirable in gist.There is no point to freedom of speech if you don t want to hear disagreeable things Communication is worth as much as the controversy it provokes, and it is worth evenif the person communicating is willing to change in accordance to what is received by an open mind In that, Malcolm X was a rare, rare breed, decrying the patronizing equality of the North as harshly as the blatant discrimination of the South, sometimes regretting his words but never recanting them Just look at his main counterpart, Dr Martin Luther King, Jr Even his proclaimed message of nonviolence doesn t save him from being condensed to a speech, a slogan, a If Martin Luther King were alive today that ignores wholesale his indictment of capitalism, the Vietnam War, and so many other beliefs that don t fit in that image of a saint made comfortable for societal propagation And this is how much the legacy of the peaceful civil rights activist has been twisted.Before starting this book, I had a vague outline of race riots and Muslims Today, I know Malcolm X to have been a reader, a thinker, a leader cut down in the midst of shifts from wholesale condemnation to broader platforms of acceptance, a man learning to hate the game of societal oppression, not the multitude of players Thirty six years and a wide variety of beliefs both religious and otherwise separates his lifetime from mine, but we share a desire for true and ubiquitous equality, as well as a love for James Baldwin For that, I am glad to have finally made his literary acquaintance. A masterpiece The Autobiography of Malcolm X may be the most important autobiography ever written I don t have the proper vocabulary to do this book its proper justice.A must read African American Historical Fiction BookclubThe Book Bum BookclubPopsugar Reading Challenge A book involving a heist Ultimate Summer Reading Challenge Read a book that features a father. I love this book Alhamdulillah I think The Autobiography of Malcolm X is one of the important non fiction books Everyone This book is a must read I need to tell people who haven t taught by Islam Elijah Muhammad was not the Messenger of Allah because Allah said there is no Prophet will come after Prophet Muhammad SAW Prophet Muhammad SAW was the last Messenger of Allah Elijah might told them that he was the Messenger of Allah, he might have even believed that he was or he might have know that he wasn t we don t know but he told people that he was the Messenger of Allah and they believed him Islam completed transform Malcolm X s life Alhamdulillah.It is a very emotional book If Malcolm X hadn t been assassinated then he would make a huge difference for Muslim people and Black people but it was his destiny.I have seen Malcolm X film it is a great film but it does disappoint me because the scene in the prison, they don t follow the book and they make up one character in the film.I think everyone should read this book Trust me anyone will love this book.I am not sure if anyone agrees with my opinion about this comment I feel Malcolm X had less recognition compared to famous people like Martin Luther King or Abraham Lincoln or JFK people don t respect Malcolm X equal as Martin Luther King or Abraham Lincoln or Barack Obama or JFK.I think there are two reasons that people don t respect Malcolm X Firstly, could be because of Islam and secondly, could be because Malcolm X believed black people should fight White people for freedom The Autobiography of Malcolm X is one of the books that I wouldn t forget and this book is one of the books that I would read again in the future Inshallah.I love this book but I do have a favourite chapter My favourite chapter of this book is Mecca Alhamdulillah. 1965 Alternate Cover For ISBN Through A Life Of Passion And Struggle, Malcolm X Became One Of The Most Influential Figures Of The Th Century In This Riveting Account, He Tells Of His Journey From A Prison Cell To Mecca, Describing His Transition From Hoodlum To Muslim Minister Here, The Man Who Called Himself The Angriest Black Man In America Relates How His Conversion To True Islam Helped Him Confront His Rage And Recognize The Brotherhood Of All Mankind An Established Classic Of Modern America, The Autobiography Of Malcolm X Was Hailed By The New York Times As Extraordinary A Brilliant, Painful, Important Book Still Extraordinary, Still Important, This Electrifying Story Has Transformed Malcom X S Life Into His Legacy The Strength Of His Words, The Power Of His Ideas Continue To Resonate Than A Generation After They First Appeared I m in such awe of this book and the man behind it that I don t think I can really give it a fair review I came late to Malcolm X I didn t pick up his autobiography until I was twenty five, during my third year teaching in the Bronx He manages to so clearly articulate the injustice and anger that results from racism in America, and at the same time is unflinchingly honest regard his own life and his own failings Following the progression of his thought and philosophy changed the way I thought about race, class, and America He was murdered just as he was truly becoming a massive force in America and the World, and the potential that was lost with him is staggering For everyone who thinks of Malcolm X only as violent and hating white people, you need to read this book he was muchaggressive and uncompromising than Martin Luther King, but he was equally beautiful and inspiring.